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Week 5 – INF 103 Computer Literacy Presented by Mary Ulrich February 25, 2010 Table of Contents ? Definition of Robotics ? History of Robots ? Laws of Robotics ? Three Main Categories ? Robot Part Types ? Science of Robotics ? Impact on Society ? Applications ? Conclusion ? Sources Definition of Robotics and Robots? Robotics: the technology dealing with the design, construction, and operation of robots in automation ?

Robots: re-programmable multi-functional manipulators designed to move material, parts, tools, or specialized devices through various programmed motions for the performance of a variety of tasks History of Robotics The term robot is derived from a Czech word robota, meaning forced labor. It was first used in 1921 by Karel Capek, a Czech playwright who wrote plays about fictional monsters. Capek used the word to describe a sophisticated machine that would help man with hard work. Laws of Robotics –

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Isaac Asimov, who is considered to be The Father of Robotics, devised three “Laws of Robotics” in 1942, later adding the Zeroeth Law. These laws dealt with humans’ interaction with robots. Three Main Categories of Robots ? Industrial Robots: robots which perform repetitive manufacturing tasks, they are designed to continuously repeat the same process without change ? Research/Service Robots: robots that assist in exploration and collection of information ? Educational Robots: robots considered as toys or kits which are made to use as a learning tool

Robot Part Types – Robots are made up of three main components: ? ? ? A mechanical device that can interact with surroundings Sensors that provide feedback from their environment A system to communicate between the mechanical device and sensory data Science of Robotics Robotics is a fairly new science that holds many possibilities for our future. This field is becoming more useful in today’s modern society. From experimental robots in science fiction novels to car wash arms that wash cars, robots can be used to help our lives. Impact on Society

Robotics has made a positive turn on our society in the past few years. The use of robots is becoming more prevalent in our daily lives. Industrial manufacturing plants have assembly lines powered by robotics technology. Applications of Robotics – In America, robots are used for many different things. For instance, in Detroit, there is a large demand for robotic assembly arms. They are used to stamp molds on shaped metal products and many plastic goods. Robotics has become more common in research, underwater and space exploration, and the military. Conclusion –

The advantages of using robots have been understood to the point that they have become a part of everyday life. More intelligence will be required and will definitely impact future endeavors as robotic technology uncovers new discoveries for robotic functions. Sources Addison, Darrick; Introduction to robotic technology (robots marching into open source), Sept. , 2001 www. ibm. com/developers/linux/library/l-rob. html Murphy, Robin R. , Introduction to AI robotics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, MIT, 2000 www. robotmatrix. org www. robots. com

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