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One night Heifer left the pan she’d used to make a sticky batch of dumplings in the sink to soak and went to sleep. The man she was then married to had a thing about cleanliness- any sign of dust or dirt sent him into a rage. Seeing the dirty pan in the sink upon returning home, he woke Heifer with a punch in the face, breaking her nose and leaving a huge jagged gash under her eye with his wedding ring. Then he went to sleep.

Bleeding profusely, Heifer drove herself to the local emergency room, where doctors sewed up her face with 1 6 stitches. For several years, those scars she received from the stitches told the story and remained as a constant reminder of a domestic abuse that will haunt her for years. Unfortunately, Heifer is only one of several women who have been left with abusive scars from their spouse and can no longer look in the mirror without a flashback of their nightmare. Their nightmares have left imprints of pain and embarrassment from their past; preventing them from moving forward in life.

It was like walking around with a sign on their face saying, I’ve been with an idiot,” recalls a woman from California. Since the physical evidence of her abuse is visible, it brought back painful memories and pulled her back in life instead of moving forward. However, erasing the scars of abuse can give these women a new life and rebuild their confidence in the society. After Glen Heifer received reconstructive plastic surgery, she explained that, “It’s wonderful to look in the mirror without my ex-h Cubans staring me in the face. Reconstructive surgery in her case was used as the IANAL process of recovery to erase the physical evidence only after she has gone through the physiological and spiritual treatment. Surgery is defined as a method of correcting or restoring the body parts and its functions, it is a large concept. There are two main fields to surgery: reconstructive surgery, for restoring beauty, and cosmetic surgery; for enhancing beauty. In case such as of Glen Heifer, reconstructive plastic surgery can help erase memories and physical reminders such as scars from abuse or accidents.

Today, we have witnessed an increase in the popularity of surgery maim only for cosmetic purposes. According to the SOAPS 2008 statistics on Cosmetic surgery, “People age 35-50 had the most procedures – over 4. 5 million and 45 percent of the total. ” Women that fall between the age Of thirty-five to fifty group are more likely to have begun the aging process and due to the current standard for women they reject the former saying of “aging gracefully’ to pursue the supermodel image. Perhaps we can thank ads on TV, reality shows, and models for insisting that we should all look a certain way,” says Suzanne, a woman who has been able to control her weight without any cosmetic surgery. – Over the ears both social pressure and media have had a great amount of impact on the way women view themselves. The importance of beauty in our society can be illustrated by the controversy surrounding a lip -synced song in Beijing for the summer Olympics 2008.

Where a young child with a more “suitable” appearance was chosen over another that actually had a beauty voice. Showing that a beautiful face was more important than a beautiful voice (cite). Society is encouraged to “put the best face forward” (source) and women especially are pressured to look their best which includes breast augmentation, lip injections etc…. In general women feel like they are expected to look twenty-five even when they well into their fifties. Surgery can be a blessing.

It can refine a physical trait that a victim of abuse feel holds them back from feeling complete and confident. However, while reconstructive plastic surgery is beneficial for restoring physical traits damaged by abuse, cosmetic surgery aims to disguise natural beauty with allusion Of confidence through enhancements of body parts. For the purpose of my argument it is important to keep in mind that reconstructive surgery is not to be included because it is different from cosmetic surgery.

Cosmetic us roger will be the focus of the argument. The procedure is often associated with molding and sculpting a “picture perfect look, free of wrinkles, blemishes, scars and any other physical problem. ” Cosmetic surgery at the same time highlights the unrealistic wishes of many women and some men to prevent the natural aging process. Though some patients do feel beautiful after their “nip” and “tuck” it is however unreasonable to believe that “looking beautiful” on the outside correlates with “feeling confident” on the inside.

Women have not only lost their self-esteem created by the uniqueness of their natural tatty but have also taken an obsession in becoming fantasy figures without any consideration of the safety risk that follows the procedures. While patients are blinded with unrealistic aims to look picture perfect, they forget that cosmetic surgery procedures necessitate psychological preparedness/ readiness; however, most of the patients are trying to replace actual confidence with plastic surgery. Being different is a unique feature. An ethnic feature whether it is the eye, nose or ear is unique.

In 2005 the number of cosmetic surgery performed rose to about sixty-five percent, with twenty recent of this patients looking to change a certain ethnic characteristic. (Cite ethnic). Changing an ethnic feature includes procedures such as narrower more protrude chin; higher bridge; getting more slender, smaller, narrower more downward facing nostrils; wider eyes with double lids. The term used by most doctors is “westernizes” or “westernizes beauty’. For some adults’ it is seen as a rite of passage, their parents did it, their grandparents did it as well.

Surgery being used to alternate ethnic appearance can help some Asians blend in to the western world. When a young Asian girl joined her new Caucasian family, her eyes, like those of many people of Asian descent, lacked a fold in the upper eyelid, and that lack was problematic-?in [her father’s] view-?because it made her eyes small and sleepy and caused them to shut completely when she smiled. [Being] a plastic surgeon himself, he knew she did not need to endure this hardship, so he arranged for her to have surgery to reshape her eyes.

The procedure, he explained, was minimally invasive and maximally effective. His beautiful daughter now has big round eyes that stay open and shine even when she smiles (source ethnic). Cases such as that of the young Asian girl bring in question the law that permits parents to let their child receive surgery. Current law gives parents the rights to make decisions for their children- those under the age of eighteen. This law presumes that parents’ decisions are for the child’s best interest.

With the above analogy in mind, it is reasonable to consider of the legal role of parents in medical decision making to better protect children from parents with good intentions that are however misleading. Decisions to use medicine or surgery to shape a child based on a parent’s social, cultural, r aesthetic preferences-?especially those that limit the child’s ability to make significant choices central to his or her identity-?would be treated differently. In such cases, a parent should have the burden of proving that his or her choice for the child will benefit the child in the long run.

The responsibility for evaluating such decisions might fall to a neutral third party, the physician, an ethics committee, or a court; but unless someone other than the parent finds convincing evidence that the proposed intervention will address an immediate need of the child’s, the intervention should be put off until the hill can make her own decision. Furthermore, changing an ethnic characteristic is an attack on an individual’s ethnic identity. Our ethnic differences are among the reasons why each individual is unique in a society, especially one in a society like America that emphasizes on individuality.

Charles Darwin wrote, “If everyone were cast in the same mould, there would be no such thing as individuality’ (cite). Uniqueness is seen both through our personality as well as our ethnic differences. At a young age parent choosing to alter something that is part of a child’s identity is taking away the child’s ability to make her own choice concerning her identity. This choice is central to her identity as an adult. Although a child is a child, and lack the ability to express their autonomy, nevertheless they still exist.

First, no medical, psychological, or physical impairment triggered the need for a parental decision; the father chose the surgery based on his aesthetic preference. Second, the intervention itself permanently altered a feature that is to some people an integral aspect of identity. These points make a moral difference. Most parental decisions to treat a child medically or surgically are a response o a physical or psychological impairment, illness, or injury in the child. In those cases, some need of the child triggers the decision to intervene, and the parent is the best person to sort through the medically appropriate choices for the child.

But when a parent modifies features of a child that have nothing to do with physical impairment but can be integral to identity, and bases that decision on his own needs or aesthetic preferences, he asserts physical control over the child’s body in the same way that he might assert control over a piece of property that he can modify to his specifications. In cases with adult, who choose to alter those ethnic characteristics Some would like to claim that procedures is not for vanity, but for reconstructive purposes.

On the Opera Winfred a young woman claimed that receiving a procedure to be more westernizes it not for vanity because it is believed that more westernizes an individual look it’s like having a great degree from a better school…. It was something to put in your portfolio (Cite). However, changing an ethnic characteristic is leaning towards cosmetic surgery. If a procedure is not for any medical reasons or functioning reasons, it is considered cosmetic. At the same time, it is important to remember that surgeons are not magicians; therefore, results might not meet ones expectations.

A Latin women expressed her disappointment after receiving a nose job to look more westernizes. It looked terrible, and it didn’t even work properly! And when I finally went to have it redone, did not want to look like anything but my own race. That first time, I didn’t know what to say,what to ask for, was so young. But now knew: still wanted to look Hispanic. And the revision was good. The doctor returned my look to a natural look; he returned my ethnicity to me o that now I have something that looks like I was born with it. I never wanted to look cutesy or Caucasian.

I wanted to have my mother’s nose-?my mother has a perfect nose. “(cite). Eke a family aureole or a first child, there are certain things that represent who we are and should be a part of us no matter what. An individuals ethnic feature is precious and unique; It is a big part of our identity that should always be a part of us. Psychologists are finding that often there is a heavy emotional and psychological price to pay for cosmetic surgery. It begins with the high expectations of becoming of becoming a supermodel overnight and then a feeling of aids appointment because the image is not what was envisioned.

Because of the feeling of unsatisfactory, depression can Often take over; particularly when the expectations are already set high. Depression is a result of the unattractive bruising and swelling that often accompanies plastic surgery. Half of the patients who seek cosmetic plastic surgery will return for another surgery (Plastic surgery networks). “Some of will sink into the psychological abyss of body dystrophy’s disorder – a condition where the tenants body image is so distorted that no amount of surgery can correct it.

Yet, they are so obsessed that they seek one surgery after another often jumping from surgeon to surgeon. ” (Gear C. Apache). Before making such a drastic decision, the mind should be prepared for permanent results as well as temporary; in some situations, the skin falls down and in others, the patients are left unsatisfied with permanent changes. The fact is, building confidence and embracing the uniqueness of an individual can be obtained by visiting a psychologist, rather than going under the knife. Building inference is not a condition that can be treated through a mere process of cosmetic surgery. The corrective surgery is just one small piece to an enormous puzzle,” says Dry. George Brenna, the former president of AFFAIRS, but rather it is condition that requires professionals help to change and better the patient’s view of their body. Since Cosmetic, surgery is no longer available only to the rich and famous, but rather it is within the reach of middle-class Americans. As the SOAPS statistics shows, more and more of average American population is looking for surgery to improve themselves ND their lives.

This people gave turned themselves into monsters and are never satisfied with their looks. “There are plastic surgery junkies who don’t know when enough is enough. But its, the very rare person allows herself to be turned into the Bride of Frankincense” (Michelle Copeland). The availability in having the opportunity to change a certain feature of such as altering ethnic characteristics and erasing scars through surgery is enlightening. However, some changes that are being altered through cosmetic surgery are the same reasons why each individual is unique and irreplaceable in a society.

As all things are considered, the aim of receiving reconstructive surgery is to restore those women to their former self and rebuild the confidence they lost, while cosmetic surgery is an unreal method of confidence, which has hit a high in today’s society where women feel the need to remain ageless instead of enjoying natural aging. Cosmetic surgery has the same risk of an allergic reaction to medications but moreover the psychological impact that follows. The American Medical Association urges patients to use due diligence before having cosmetic surgery because plastic surgery is not the best elution for everyone.

Individuals who may already be suffering from depression, anxiety or body dystrophy’s disorder, should seek the help of a psychologist before going under the knife. For these patients, plastic surgery cannot solve the larger underlying issue of fantasy figure. Women as well as men should age gracefully and seek physiological help if in fact they are battling low self-esteem rather than going than going under the knife and risk the never-ending process of a nonrealistic perfection. Eat better, move more and believe in yourself because natural beauty is unique.

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