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Education has played an of import function in developing states because it helps to heighten human resources and hike the economic growing. Thus, seeing the importance of instruction, many developing states have decided to offer free instruction to people. For illustration, in Cambodia, basic instruction is provided free of charge from rating one to rate nine ( The Law on Education, Chapter VII, Article 31, 2007, p. 11 ) .

Refering the importance of instruction, in April 2000 in Dakar, authoritiess from 164 different states and their spouse establishments approved a Model for Action taking at accomplishing six Education for All ends. One of which is to heighten and keep the quality of instruction. Lending to the importance of good quality of instruction, private sectors in instruction have risen ( UNESCO, 2007, p. 8 ) . Tooley et Al. ( 2008, p. 450 ) showed that private sector in instruction is now widely recognized and mushroomed, peculiarly in developing states.

In add-on to the deficiency of the public school direction in supplying good and satisfied services, more parents begin to direct their kids to private schools, peculiarly, private primary schools. Harold et Al. ( 2001, p. 1 ) identified some major jobs go oning in the public schools whose budgets spent on instruction services are non really effectual because the school location is non convenience, and instructors at public are non really qualified or execute ill in their occupations ; furthermore, the deficit of school stuffs besides causes parents to lose assurance in public schools.

Consequently, parents begin to direct their kids to private schools instead than to public 1s. With their attempts, private schools have become more and more popular and dependable among parents. Similarly, Kampuchean parents in Phnom Penh besides send their kids to private schools instead than to public 1s although public schools provide free basic instruction. Many private schools in Phnom Penh, particularly Private Primary 1s have become popular among parents in the metropolis.

Harmonizing to the statistics from Phnom Penh Municipality Department of Education, Youth and Sport, the figure of private primary schools in Phnom Penh, categories and pupils have increased every twelvemonth from 21 schools with 6122 pupils in academic twelvemonth 2005-2006 ( MoEYS, 2005 ) to 38 schools with 12198 pupils in academic twelvemonth 2008-2009 ( MoEYS, 2008 ) . Harmonizing to UNESCO ( 2007, p. 8 ) , one of the EFA ends is to break the quality of instruction for all kids.

However, non all pupils have chances to go to private schools to have quality of instruction. Some surveies in India, for illustration, indicate that private schools are considered as topographic points for the rich or higher-ups, particularly those who live in the metropolis because they are able to pay for the high school fees that few lower and in-between category households can pay ( Kingdon, twelvemonth? . 2 ) .

However, harmonizing to Alderman et Al. ( 2001, abstract ) , pupils from hapless households are besides sent to private schools ; furthermore, “ with the take downing private school fees or distance or raising mensural quality raises private school registrations, partially by transportations from authorities schools and partially from registrations of kids who otherwise would non hold gone to school.

Based on the better achievements of mathematics and linguistic communication of pupils in private schools compared to those in authorities schools, “ The strong demand for private schools is consistent with grounds of greater mathematics and linguistic communication accomplishment in private schools than in authorities schools. These consequences strongly support an increased function for private bringing of schooling services to hapless families in developing states. ( Alderman et al. , 2001, abstract )

Problem Statement Choosing qualified schools for kids is really important for parents ; therefore, this survey needs to be conducted because when the bulk of parents decide to direct their kids to private primary schools, which indicate that quality of instruction in public is low. For illustration, the authorities can non run into their demands. Cambodia is besides one of the states who signed to carry through the end.

Therefore, Cambodia needs to work on the quality portion of EFA because all kids, non merely those in the private sectors, have the right to have good quality of instruction which is free of charge. Harmonizing to Asian Development Bank ( ADB ) ( 2003, p. 1 ) , reacting to the deficit supply in instruction of many developing member states ( DMCs ) , the private sector in instruction including both fee-charging and free of charge schools have mushroomed in order to run into the demands for good quality of instruction in primary degree.

It is by and large assumed that private schools have a higher efficiency of instruction than that of the public 1s because they charge higher school fees, therefore, they provide better services and quality to the affluent groups of people. Then, merely the rich can acquire good quality of instruction since they are able to pay for high school fees. This job causes unfairness in entree to instruction, which requires the public schools to better the quality of instruction so that the inequality will be reduced between the rich and the hapless. Purpose of the survey ( last meeting you asked to revise the intent, but I have no thought yet.

The intent of the survey is to happen out why parents decide to direct their kids to private establishments, which can assist to better the populace sector to accomplish the quality of instruction which is stated in the EFA Goal, and to advance equity entree to quality of instruction. Furthermore, it is besides used to detect the effects of quality of instruction in public schools when more kids are sent to private 1s. Therefore, the Ministry of Education, Youth, and Sport will reenforce public school direction systems so that the quality of instruction in public schools will be achieved.

Then both pupils in public and private schools will hold equal chances to get cognition without the favoritism between the rich and the hapless. The consequences of the survey can give some recommendations sing the betterments of the public sector. Literature Review Refering the importance of instruction, in April 2000 in Dakar, authoritiess from 164 different states and their spouse establishments approved a Model for Action taking at accomplishing six Education for All ends.

One of them is to heightening the quality of instruction associating to “ the enlargement of early childhood attention and instruction, accomplishment of cosmopolitan primary instruction ( UPE ) , development of larning chances for young person and grownups, spread of literacy, gender para and gender equality in instruction, and betterments in instruction quality. ” ( UNESCO, 2007, p. 8 ) . Similarly, harmonizing to Education for All Global Monitoring Report 2009, quality of instruction was raised once more by the conference following the World Education Forum in April 2000 in Dakar, Senegal ( Shoraku, 2008, pp. 1-2 ) .

The conference emphasized “ the importance of a good quality of instruction. In the same twelvemonth, leaders from every state in the United Nations agreed on a vision of a hereafter with better-educated kids, and they set the ends of guaranting that all male childs and misss complete a full class of primary schooling by 2015, extinguishing gender disparity in primary and lower secondary instruction, sooner by 2005, and at all degrees by 2015. ” Lending to Education for All ends and Millennium Development Goals ( MoEYS, 2005a, p. 10 ) , private educational sectors have mushroomed in many states, particularly developing states.

Tooley et Al. ( 2008, p. 450 ) showed that private sector in instruction is now widely recognized and mushroomed, peculiarly in developing states. It is now besides widely accepted that a fee-paying private ( or nonstate ) instruction sector, albeit one bear downing really low fees, has ‘mushroomed ‘ in developing states to run into the demands of the hapless, in portion because of the perceived ( by parents ) insufficiencies of province instruction ( e. g. Adelabu and Rose, 2004 ; Baurer et al. , 2002 ; Rose, 2002 ; Tooley, 2004 ; Watkins, 2004 ) .

It is noted as a riddle by some observers that, even in states where free public primary instruction has been introduced, such private schools continue to mushroom. ( Tooley et al, 2008, p. 450 ) Similarly, harmonizing to the statistics from Phnom Penh Municipality Department of Education, Youth and Sport, the figure of private primary schools in Phnom Penh, categories and pupils have increased every twelvemonth since 2005. As can be seen in Table 1, over the past four school old ages, registration has increased dramatically from ( from 6122 pupils in academic twelvemonth 2005-2006 to 12198 pupils in 2008-2009.

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