Feeling disorientated Assonance – an internal rhyming within the same lines Soft sounds Almost iambic pentameter Stanza 2: The gusts -? unpredictable and chaotic “twisting agonies of men” – skin ripped at the wires, a lot of people died on he wires and reminds people of the deaths of the war Can hear the gunshots of the war – closer than they think it is. They’re not part of the war, they feel like the war they are fighting doesn’t belong to them anymore detached from the war, they don’t feel anything, detached from life – too exhausted to be scarred Rhetorical question -? questioning the war as a whole – they feel disengaged. Tanta 3: New day – hopeful. But “misery of dawn” oxymoron – inherent contradiction, they just have another endless day of the same misery. “Poignant” – evoking a keen sense of sadness or regret: “s” – sibilance – wind ND rain – gives the reader a better understanding of the weather that took place and what they had to go through. Starts with “we only know” – there world has become only the war, nothing else crosses their minds. Power of three “war lasts, rain soaks, and clouds sag stormy” Dawn is personified and described as having an army -? dawn is the enemy.
Same way that the East Winds knives us – wouldn’t be as bad as they didn’t have to deal with the weather – they only fight the war occasionally they’re forever dealing with the weather. Bathos – “but nothing happens” “Shivering ranks of grey’ – so cold. They are a mass not singular. Stanza 4: Starts with a lot Of sibilance – wind, how it would sound as they went over the top of trenches The cold is more deadly than war – Line 2. “Black with snow’ – contrast between black and white – there is no middle ground of war. War is not pure so snow isn’t described as white and nice and pure and peaceful.
Alliteration, dense sound – double sound, so snow is dense -? snow is never ending, constantly cold, a constant threat, endlessly coming at them. Nonchalance – wind doesn’t care that the soldiers are dying. Nonchalance meaning careless and casual – reinforced with the ‘maundering” “But nothing happens” -? repetition Whole sense of no one caring – they don’t care about the war and the wind doesn’t care about them. It’s a cold world, and war because no one seems to care about how they are or that they are dying. Stanza 5: Personifies snowflakes – silently killing. Feeling for our faces” – like knives in the first line “forgotten dreams” – only thinking about the here and the now, they have forgotten what they wanted to be and how they wanted to live. Also forgotten childhood dreams. “cringes” – fear and horror. “Snow dates” “Sun dosed” -? cold is getting to them, they’re hallucinating, and they’re going a bit funny. Gazing deep into grassier ditches, not seeing what’s really around them they are seeing what they want to see. Getting to a stage of hypothermia as they think they’re hot and warm when in fact they are freezing to death. Littered” contrasted with the “bal” of the “bee” and the “blackbird” . Rhetorical question ending – they realize that they are dying – they have let go of life between the last line here and the first line of stanza 6. First and last line are put together – the middle part is between this, doesn’t need to be there. Stanza 6: “slowly our ghosts drag home” -? they’re dying slowly, and they are leaving this ream world they have created for themselves – drained of energy. In a hallucination/dream state – there is effort In a dream, they’re struggling and not quite reaching it -? emphasized with the long vowels.
Drag -? helps with the imagery, they have to drag themselves forwards thefts not walking, they’re pulling themselves. “glimpsing” – hallucinating, not away from the war for a long time, they can never fully get away from the war, not even in their dreams, it is still a part of them, and it always will be, even in their dreams. “Jewels” -? coals that have died out, they are jewels because the soldiers reassure them as its giving them heat. Crickets and Mice -rejoicing, as the homes the soldiers used to live in have been taken over by rodents – all is gone they can’t remember what used to be there.
Shutters closed – locked out Of your own dream. They’re not wanted at home, they can’t think what used to be their. Hallucination has gone – left the home and warmth they were feeling, they are looking back and seeing an entire generation is dying not just singular all. Stanza 7: Reflects on the memories of home Shows others that the soldiers didn’t just put up with the fighting – had to endure the elements around them What happens when the mind is effected by cold Sibilance in “sun smiles” shows us what the soldiers are seeing Anaphora “all field all fruit’ emphasizes the comparing of two ideas.
Anaphora – line four repeating of words on the same line. “We believe… ” Strong, patriotic, united front also shows that the soldier believed what they were doing was the right thing to do. Last line has an ambiguous meaning -? says that the love of god is dying, what they’re doing is wrong egg. Fighting each other or it could be for the love of god “for god’s sake everyone?s dying”. They are dying for the love of god or loosing their faith in God. Verse is different with believe and god in it twice.
Core of this verse is about the justification of war and peoples believing of war. We think that Owen feels that if they don’t fight the bad the good will never come. The sense that they’re fighting for something worthwhile. “Therefore we’re born” – suggesting they are born to fight, this is their destiny. Stanza 8: “Tonight” at the beginning brings this final stanza to the present. “Frost will fasten” – plosive sounds. “This mud and us” -? both the frost will effect the mud and humans as one cause the cold and frost is so unbearable, likening the two. Shrilling” “puckering” – present participles, reinforces the idea of the present and it being the present. “Many hands” – exaggerates the extent Of how many they are “Crisp” and “puckering’ – plosive sounds. “The burying party”‘ – ironic use of party as burying not celebrating, not used in the actual term as party however “Party and “picks” alliteration, broken by a comma. “The shovels in shaking grasp” – alliteration “Shaking grasp” – horror of the image, shivering to death, liking the humans to the natural again.