Egypt and Mesopotamia religious beliefs were vastly different. One reason f or this having to do with their geography. A primary reason we have religion is to expo lain things science does not yet understand, and people used religion at the time to expel main the flooding of the Nile and Tigris and Euphrates rivers. Thus, the people Of Mesopotamia ha d reason to believe the universe was hectic and unrecognized and there was little to look forward t o in the afterlife that being the unpredictable nature of the flooding of their vital rivers.
On the contrary, in Egypt where the Nile river provided a consistent flooding and the geographic setting was all around very beneficial, they believed that the universe was good and just and this was reflected in their religious beliefs. They thought the afterlife was good and if you did go odd things in life you would be rewarded. Its no surprise for that these reasons religion was al so a much bigger deal to Egyptians than to Mesopotamia. Egypt and Mesopotamia were formed very differently, one by the slow unify action of any city States and the other by the almost direct formation Of a unified anti on state.
Early in its history Mesopotamia was a dozen or so independent city states in the south ran Disparateness region and this was known as Summer. Each City state was ruled by its own kin g, but eventually they were all conquered and unified by stronger forces from the north such a s the Skidpans, Babylonians and Assyrian. On the other hand, in Egypt, they went basically SST aright from agricultural settlements along the Nile and maybe some small chiefdoms to a action state all unified by the first Pharaoh; Manner.
Egypt was unified almost without conflict t for the entirety of its existence save for when the Nile failed to flood properly, then the e authority of the pharaoh would become discredited. But overall the formation and bonds between city states versus a unified mostly agrarian empire separates Egypt and Mesopotamia aim. Though different in many respects, Egypt and Mesopotamia both fostered he althea growth in science and linguistics. Both developed their own written language, cuneiform rum In Mesopotamia and Hieroglyphics in Egypt.
And with the development of langue age came social hierarchy separating people who were literate and people who were illiterate in both cultures. Both societies developed mathematics in some form which was sees initial for taxing and economic growth. Math, more specifically geometry, played an important role in the building and architecture of both societies as well. Both societies also developed Astor anomy as well and used the science to form calendars, predict flooding, and to a lesser extent for astrological theories.
All in all science and language were important in both cultures. Egypt and Mesopotamia differed in religion and formation but shared aspects of science and language. One final similarity shared between these two civilizations was longevity and their massive influence on the cultures that later inhabited their areas. The things t hat made them different characterized how they ended and then how later civilizations began in their ashes making the studying of these two ancient cultures incredibly important.