Many of these risk factors are things that can not be changed including gender, age, family history, race, previous chest radiation, and genetics (cancer. Org). The non- alterable risk factor that currently has the most scientific research attached to it would be genetic risk factors. Only about 5 to 10% of cancers, including breast, are caused by a genetic mutation that was inherited from one’s mother or father (brainteaser. Org). The most common inherited gene mutation that has been linked directly to breast cancer is that of the BRACE ND BRACE genes (cancer. Org).
These genes typically assist in the prevention of cancers by creating proteins which keep abnormal cells from forming (cancer. Org). Anyone who has these inherited a mutation of the BRACE or BRACE genes from either of their parents has a very high risk of developing breast cancer in his or her lifetime. Early detection is definitely the key to treating and surviving breast cancer. The best ways to catch breast cancer early on are by receiving annual mammograms and, most importantly, by doing self breast exams at least once per month. “The most common humpty of breast cancer is a new lump or mass” (cancer. Org).
Should you ever feel a new lump with irregular edges that is hard, soft, painful, Or even painless, you should get it examined by a doctor as soon as possible )cancer. Org). A new mass accompanied by any of the following symptoms should most definitely get immediate attention from a physician: swelling of breast, skin dimpling, nipple pain, turning inwards of the nipple, or any discharge from the nipple other than breast milk (cancer. Org). If you ever come to your doctor with concerns that you may be developing breast cancer, here are many tests that can be performed to either confirm or disprove your fears.
The first way to potentially diagnose breast cancer is by running one of several imaging tests. The two most common of these imaging tests are diagnostic mammograms and magnet resonance imaging Screening mammograms use x-rays to screen the breasts of women who are asymptomatic (appear to have no problems)(cancer. Org). Screening mammograms usually take to pictures from two different angles. Diagnostic mammograms take more pictures from various angles of breasts which are either exhibiting symptoms of a breast disease or of those with an abnormal screening mammogram (cancer. Rag). Emir’s on the other hand use radio waves or strong magnets accompanied by an initial injection of a contrast liquid know as gadolinium which is injected into the veins either before or during the scan (cancer. Org). Emir’s, which are much longer than mammograms, can take as long as an hour to complete. The other common method of diagnosing breast cancer is done by performing a biopsy. Biopsies are done whenever a physical exam or imaging test presents suspicions of areas cancer (cancer. Org).
The way a biopsy works is that a specialized doctor, called a pathologist, examines a sample Of the suspicious area underneath a microscope (cancer. Org). A biopsy is the only true way to tell if breast cancer is actually present. Once you are officially diagnosed with breast cancer the stage must be clarified before a treatment plan can be put into place. The size of the tumor(s), involvement of lymph nodes (if any), and whether the cancer is invasive or non-invasive are the three things looked at when attempting to determine the cancers stage and severity (cancer. G). There are nine main stages and sabotages of breast cancer (brainteaser. Org). In Stage O the cancer cells are in the breast ducts only. In Stage IA the tumor measures no more than 2 CM and it has not yet spread outside of the breast (brainteaser. Org). In Stage B the tumors are no longer found in the breasts, instead, small groups of cancer cells ranging in size from 0. 2 mm to 2 mm are found in the lymph nodes (brainteaser. Org). In Stage IA no tumors are in the breast, but the cancer cells are in the lymph nodes under the arms (brainteaser. Org).
In Stage BOB the tumor is larger than 2 CM but smaller than 5 CM and is in the under arm lymph nodes as well (breast cancer. Org). In Stage III, no tumors are in the breast, but cancer that itself or to other structures is found in the auxiliary lymph nodes (brainteaser. Org). In Stage BIBB, tumors can be any size and have spread to the chest wall or skin of the breast (brainteaser. Org). In Stage ICC, there may not be any signs Of cancer in the breast which means it could have spread to lymph nodes in the under arm, breast bone, or collarbone Abreactions. Org).
In Stage IV, the anger has spread to other parts of the body including the lymph nodes, and possibly to other organs (brainteaser. Org). After you have been diagnosed and the stage of your breast cancer has been determines, the next step is discussing what your treatment options are. The first treatment that will be offered is most likely going to be some form of removal surgery. This is because if all of the cancer can be removed through by way of surgery then chemo and radiation therapies won’t be necessary. The јo most prominent types of cancer-removal surgeries are a breast-conserving surgery and a associate.
In a breast-conserving surgery, only the affected areas of the breast will be removed; however, the amount taken will depend on the size and location of the tumor(s) (cancer. Org). Subcategories of breast-conserving surgeries include a lumpectomy, which only removes the lump and a small portion of the surrounding tissues, and a quadruplicated in which one- quarter of the breast is removed followed by radiation therapy (cancer. Org). A mastectomy, on the other hand, involves complete removal of either one or both breast(s) in their entirety (cancer. Org). Some of the surrounding tissues gust also be removed in addition to the breast(s).
Lymph node surgery may also be discussed if your doctor deems it necessary. The other most common form of breast cancer treatment is radiation therapy accompanied by chemotherapy. Chemo is a treatment that contains cancer killing drugs (cancer. Org). Chemo can be administered intravenously or by mouth. Chemotherapy is given in cycles alternating between treatment and recovery periods which continues on for several months (cancer. Org). Most people who have never had the scare of actuality of having to deal with breast cancer loud probably assume that their life would be ending soon.
That isn’t quite the case with all of today’s modern medicines and technology. Cancer. Org proves that the chances of surviving breast cancer are actually rather high for most stages in their “5 Year Survival Rates” chart. The odds of living to see another five years after beginning treatment are as follows: Stage O, 93%; stage l, 88%; stage IA, 81%; stage BOB, 74%; stage III, 67%; stage BIBB, 41%; Stage ICC, 49%; and Stage IV, 15% (cancer. Org). As you can tell from viewing the statistics, the chances of surviving to see the next five years after ginning treatment for Stage IV breast cancer are not very high.
My aunt, Data Bourgeois, found a lump in one of her breasts somewhere around October of 2003. Her husband, Allen, had just started a new job and Data’s insurance would not go into effect for another six months. Due to the high costs of cancer testing, and the fact that the insurance wouldn’t cover a pre- existing illness such as cancer, Data put off seeking medical attention until her insurance became valid. Having lost two of her three brothers to cancer only a few years apart from one another within the previous five years, Data eared the worst.
By the time she Was able to have all of the proper tests performed it was already too late. In May of 2004, Data was diagnosed with Stage IV breast cancer. By this time the cancer had already spread all throughout her body including the lymph nodes, and several major organs. She immediately began radiation and chemotherapy treatments at Billow Regional Medical Center in Billow, MS. After a short time she was sent to receive treatment at the MD Anderson Cancer Center in Houston, Texas. On May 13, 2005, just one short year after her diagnosis, Data lost her battle with cancer.