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As a newly independent nation, Backhands needs to allocate their resources carefully. Therefore, between the six choices Of languages, the Kumar language should be promoted as the national language. The Kumar language would serve its purpose, by fulfilling the four functions, as Backhand’s national language. Kumar should be selected as the national language as it fulfils the four functions of a national language better than the other five languages. The Kumar people make up thirty percent of the entire Backhands population, which makes them the second largest population in the nation.

The language of a majority group would be selected as the national language because more people can identify with it. Furthermore, The Kumar people are generally well liked by the other tenth groups. Because of the good relationship that the Kumar has with the other groups, the selection of the Kumar language is not likely to upset the rest of the groups. Taking an example from another country, Indonesia took similar steps in selecting Malay as their national language. The government of Indonesia chose Malay, as it was easy to learn and did not upset any particular ethnic group.

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Their strategy in the selection process has roughs them success, and it should bring Backhands success as well. The national language should be highly symbolic and representative of a nation. The use of the language Will help national unity, and stimulate a feeling of belonging and loyalty; therefore, it is in Backhand’s best interest to select Kumar as their national language. In addition, to have a successful language policy, Backhands needs to achieve the four functions: unification, separatist function, prestige value, and function as a standard.

As mentioned above, because the Summits are well liked by the other groups and they are not in amputation with other tenth groups for political power, it can be inferred that other ethnic groups would have few objections to the selection of Kumar. Therefore, by sharing a common language, the Kumar language would be able to achieve the unifying function without much complication. Kumar is also closely related to the Khakis language. The Khakis are famous for their epic poetry, which describe the long history Of the ethnic group.

Although the rest of the nation is unable to understand the Khakis language, the people of Backhands have a considerable amount of respect for their literary culture. Hence, Kumar being closely related to Khakis, the written form of Khakis could be used to help develop a written form for the Kumar language. Once the process of documentation is completed, the rich literary history of the Khakis could be translated for the nation to study; and thus, further improving the country’s sense of solidarity. In addition, it would also help the Kumar language achieve the separatist function.

With the rich history of the Khakis group translated, it would give the national language a strong sense of ethnic identity, which would distinguish it from the language of its neighboring countries. At the same time, when the Kumar language develops a written form, it would gain its prestigious value. The development of a written form for the Kumar language from the government would further validate its prestigious value. Finally, the standard function is achieved because the Kumar is the second largest group.

Since the Kumar language has a relatively large group of speakers, the group that is targeted to switch to the model of speech was relatively smaller than if another language was to be standardized. If the government executes these steps correctly, Backhands would most likely have success with their language policy. After planning their language policy, the government should proceed promote its new national language. In order to promote Kumar as a national language, Backhands should follow the five-step process: selection, codification, lexical expansion, implementation, and acceptance.

Once Kumar has been selected as the national language, the next step is the process of codification. A new script for the Kumar language should be derived from the Khakis script as the two languages are closely related. Although they are mutually unintelligible, there are examples such as Taiwanese and Mandarin that have proven the success f using one script for two mutually unintelligible languages. The next step would be lexical expansion. The creation of dictionaries and grammar books are necessary to accommodate the larger population Of users.

In addition, lexical expansion is a must in order for the language to be used in all domains of life. There are three different ways to expand the vocabulary in a language, but only two are recommended for Backhands. Borrowing is not recommended as Backhands is a newly established nation, and borrowing foreign words would not improve the sense of solidarity; however, giving new meaning to words that already exist in the language or a combination of new words to give it new meaning would improve solidarity. Once the process of developing a script, dictionaries, and grammar is done, it is time to implement the language into the society.

To implement the language, the Backhands government would need to make use of positive promotion strategies. The government can promote by using different channels to implement the language such as education through schools, and mass media. By offering better job opportunities and social advantages, it would provide incentives for its users. The government should also promote and spread the language by acquiring the support of community leaders to increase public awareness of the new national language. The final step is to convince the citizen of Backhands that the new national language has its prestigious value.

This can be achieved by encouraging citizens to take pride in the new language. One possible solution is to have influential people speak the language, such as the president and government officials. In essence, the success of implementation depends on the government’s good use of promotion strategies. Backhands should also have an official language to be used in the there domains. The Noggin language should be promoted at the same time as the Junkie, but as an official language of the nation. The Noggin language has a written form, which helps its purpose serving as an official language.

Official languages are designed for official use in certain domains such as, business and government related environment. Because a written form already exists, the Noggin language has prestigious value; therefore, it is more suitable to be used in business and in government. Noggin is also mutually intelligible with Greyer, the language of Astrakhan. Astrakhan is a neighboring country, located South of Backhands. Because Noggin is mutually intelligible, having Noggin as an official language would strengthen the relationship between the two countries.

At the same time, it would also improve their trading relations as communication between the two countries becomes viable. Furthermore, Noggin has its own form of media usage, the weekly newspaper. The establishment of a written form and media usage would greatly aid the process of implementation of the language. Other languages are not recommended at this point in time because having multiple official languages is costly. By selecting Noggin, it would save the government resources, and main the support of the wealthy Noggins.

In conclusion, Kumar is the most suited choice for Backhands as the national language; however, there are certain traps of standardization that should be avoided in the process. Discouraging certain languages or punishing users of non-standardized language should be avoided. Negative means to promote Kumar is not recommended as it could cause a misunderstanding of the action as a threat. The threat could lead to racial riots in the country and break the sense of unity of the nation. Thus, Backhands should only offer incentives and linguistic rights to users of standardized languages.

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