Percy Jackson PF Essay

A major example that makes Jackson a romantic hero is his major duty as a demigod, to help Gods on a quest. One of his most unforgettable quests is going to retrieve the Greek god Zeus’ stolen lightning bolt. While trying to retrieve the stolen lightning bolt, Jackson had to save his mom from the heartless Greek god Hades. Even on top of the two quests Jackson must be able to complete both of them in ten days or less. Being the brilliant romantic hero he is, Jackson was able to complete both tasks in a timely matter.

These samples help show the reasonableness is accepted as a romantic hero. Romantic heroes must in some way be aided on a quest in some sort. Jackson thankfully was aided on his quest by his good friend Grover and his friend/lover Enabled. Also by his side was his magical sword riptide and the well-minded Greek gods. Although some people may say Jackson can’t be a romantic hero if he had multiple people by his side, they must know that Jackson intended going on this quest alone, but was followed and forced to let his friends come along.

Ordain, 2005, p. 146-150) So, by throwing that logic in as a reason to not believe Jackson does not qualify as a romantic hero is wrong. With these cases Jackson is becoming closer and closer to being fully known as a romantic hero. Somehow supernatural events have to occur to seal the argument even more. Throughout all the novels in each series theirs a magical force called the “Mist’. The “Mist” twists a mortal’s sight from seeing a monster, god, or other magical items to things that will be taken as normal. For instance,

Jackson’s magical sword would be changed into a baseball bat through mortal eyes. (Camp Half-blood, 2014) Another way supernatural events are shown through Jackson is his ability to heal himself and others using water. With the connection of his father being the sea god Jackson is able to use this power and advantage to help himself and others. For example, Jackson used this power to heal Jason in “The Mark of Athena. ” There’s also a fast healing drink that can cure any sickness called ambrosia. (Ordain, 2012, p. 1-292) Showing again another characteristic of Jackson being a romantic hero. In order to be any hero you must be able to past all test, but as a romantic hero you must gain insight or wisdom simultaneously. Jackson did this by finding and returning Zeus stolen lightning bolt. As well as saving his mother from the Greek god Hades. Individuals may say, what about Jackson gaining wisdom from all his quest. Well if they may ask, through all his battles and quest that Jackson experienced he was able to learn how to use his rowers more effectively for his better good.

The oldest forms of Pagan religions

What some Catholics don’t know is a few Of heir practices and traditions are based upon some of the oldest forms of Pagan religions. Now that is a very controversial subject in the eyes of many Catholics. It is so controversial; many have just completely closed their mind to the idea that other earlier forms of religion could, have adopted their ways of worship. They have completely shunned these claims. There have been times throughout history, when the Catholic Church persecuted witches. It’s interesting to wonder, why would Catholics punish the very people they adopted their ideas and practice of worship from?

The roots of Catholicism re tied within the ancient practices of early Pagan religions, specifically Witchcraft. In this paper the connections between Wicking traditions and Catholicism are explored and verified. Throughout history, there have been many types of religions that have been practiced by people from all over the world. Today, one of the most common religions practiced is Catholicism. Catholicism is a broad term for describing the specific traditions and spiritual followings within the Christian Church (“Christianity”).

The Roman Catholic Church claims it has grounded its origin in the death, resurrection, and ascension of Jesus Christ. Ever since, the church declares it is the one and only religion Jesus died for. The many followers of Jesus were the ones who built upon and created the ways of worship based on the teachings Jesus gave to them when he was alive (Headman). However, these claims may not be exactly true. When taking a closer look into the traditions, holidays, and practices the Catholic Church claims is from their own teaching, there is evidence to prove otherwise.

From the earliest of times, we know there have been other forms of religions practiced before the mass spread and influence of the Catholic Church within the lives of everyday people. In order to grow and spread the word of God, the church would first have to build followers and convert people over, and that’s exactly what they did. But first, there had to be some changes that would appeal to others in order for them to want to convert over. It was then that the influences of Pagan religions were used to draw in these people to the Catholic Church and show them the way of God according to their basic teachings (Christianity).

Today in contemporary Catholicism, the church holds on to an essential belief system as a foundation for the religion. Without these tools and rituals, the Catholic Church wouldn’t be the same. One of the most important things within the entire Catholic Church belief system would be The Bible. According to the church, the bible is the one thing that is free from error and inspired truly on the word of God (Wiley). The Seven Sacraments is another part of Catholicism that is part of their core beliefs and is highly radicalized within the Church.

To Catholics, they believe the sacraments are the means of grace. They are: Baptism, Eucharist, Reconciliation, Confirmation, Holy Orders, Matrimony, and the Anointing of the Sick (“Seven Catholic Sacraments”). There are rules set within the Church to act like a guideline for Christians to allow in order to appease God. These rules are known as the Ten Commandments and these are the “moral compass” for people to live by in order to do well in life according to Catholics (Wiley). The belief in the Holy Trinity is another very important aspect that Catholics believe in.

The Holy Trinity is the belief in one God, split into three people. There is God who is the over all supreme entity, then there is God the Father, God the Son, and God the Holy Spirit (Wiley). Within Catholicism, these are the basic core beliefs that make up the rest of the Church as a whole. Each one of these principles are giggly radicalized and taken with the most respect and looked upon quite seriously. These principals serve as being connections with God and being a good Christian. Each of these basic beliefs come together to form the foundation of Catholicism, and with other aspects tied within.

Later on, the Catholic Church started to adopt Pagan beliefs into their traditions and ways of worship in order compete with much older religions. By doing this, they would gain more followers by appealing to people who practiced these religions (Day). From the beginning of early people who once practiced early forms of elision, one of the first to be started was Paganism. Paganism is a religion that holds it’s believes in earth-centered ways, magic, and respect for the natural world. It is a religion that is considered polytheistic which is the belief in many different Gods, both those of male and female (Highlighting).

Paganism is a broad umbrella term for other religions to fall under, such that of Witchcraft or Which. The roots of Witchcraft date back to ancient times and are seen in many different countries and cultures all across the world. Witchcraft is very similar to Paganism because they both share the same beliefs. The contemporary form of Witchcraft is commonly known as Which. Which is a religion that was founded within spiritual roots of pre-Christian European beliefs and practices. It is a nature-based religion and the worship of deities that can be both feminine and masculine In nature.

Gerald Garner, who is the founder, brought Which to the publics attention in the sass. Those who practiced it referred to it as the Craft or the Old Religion (Grimaces, “Term: Which”). There are many arts within Witchcraft which include herbalist, divination, magic, ceremonial ritual, healing, potions, and spirit world contact. Throughout the history of Catholicism, during the middle Ages and the Renaissance periods, Witchcraft was viewed as evil when in reality; the true fact of its practice was distorted to keep an order within the church (Grimaces, “Term: Witchcraft’).

The real truth about Witchcraft has been hidden from the public all through history because everything is kept secret. Paganism and Witchcraft share the same core beliefs in their practice of worshiping. There are many different religions that would fall under the Pagan umbrella and because each religion is complex, there is a basic set of beliefs each religion holds its ties to. The belief in deities would be the first core belief in the foundation of Paganism and Witchcraft. Those who practice witchcraft are polytheistic because they believe in more than one God or Goddess.

Each deity holds a special meaning to the person who prays to him or her because they are worshipped for a specific purpose, for example: strength or love. Witches and Pagans have a special connection with their deities. Magic is another very important belief in both Pagan and Witchcraft. Magic is the ability to use your own free will in order to make something happen. Magic is the foundation to most Pagan religions, because it is very cared to them. Another important belief in a broad term would be rituals. Rituals are held at a specific time for an important event for example: birth, death, marriage, and so forth.

Rituals are usually ceremonial because they happen at times when a thanks is given to deities through the use of offerings. Rituals also have ties within another belief for Pagans, which is Sabbath. Sabbath are the eight major holy days in the Pagan and Wicking calendar (Vote Ohio State”). The eight major holy days are; Sashimi, Yule, Candles, Spring Equinox, Belton, Summer Solstice, Llamas, and the Fall Equinox. Also, some Wisconsin also celebrate Kebabs, which correspond to the phases of the moon (Steiner 4). Witches and Pagans hold these beliefs with the most respect.

Witchcraft is mysterious and secretive so there are many other aspects to the way witches worship. These are the core beliefs in which they hold their groundings to and where the magic starts (Witchcraft). When Catholicism began to grow throughout the years, they had to compete in a way with other religions that have been around for much longer. With most forms for Catholicism today, they believe their way is the eight way and the best. These feelings are what trigger followers of the religion to try and convert people in order to gain more followers of the religion.

This is exactly what Catholics did to these old religions such that of Paganism and Witchcraft. In order to appeal to the people they were trying to convert, they adopted their ways of worship and Christianizes them (Day). This would appeal to Pagans and Witches but it also would make the ritual that was newly adopted Catholic in name but Pagan in nature. There were festivals and celebrations that are part of Wicking calendar that were adopted y Catholics who changed the name in order to appeal more to Christians. Starting the calendar with Sashimi, which today is known as All Hallows Eve or Halloween, it is celebrated on October 31 SST.

For Pagans and Witches it was a time of the end of the harvest and when the supernatural barrier between the living and the dead was down and spirits could pass through to the land of the living. Pagans made talismans against evil spirits and caved vegetables in order to protect themselves from these malevolent spirits that could harm them (Cob). Today Halloween is a holiday where people walk from house to souse dressed in a costume in their neighborhood saying, “Trick-or-Treat” to get candy. The tradition has changed when the Catholic Church adopted it (Day).

The next holiday would be Christmas. In Catholicism it is the day of celebrating the birth of Jesus Christ. But the real celebrating dates back to pre-biblical times. For pagans it was the time around Yule, which marks the Winter Solstice. An early pagan ritualistic tradition was decorating green plants and trees to honor the sun god in the time of the solstice (Cob). Today We decorate a tree in Our house where the presents are placed under on the day of Christmas. Easter is yet another holiday that was Christianizes by the Catholic Church.

The name “Easter” comes from the name of an ancient goddess Stare who was know as the Queen of Heaven and the goddess of love and fertility. Her symbols were eggs and rabbits, which are the main symbols we see and use today in celebrating Easter. Pagans would worship her around the time of the Spring Equinox in order for her blessing for a good crop season. The ritual of decorating and coloring eggs was used to worship the goddess (Cob). Celebrating Easter today, we decorate eggs, get chocolate rabbits and have an egg hunt where eggs full of candy are hidden ND one has to go and find them.

Christian’s celebrate Jesus death and resurrection on Easter when in fact Easter is a pagan holiday. The death and resurrection is baptism (Day). The Roman Emperor Constantine was very much into the Pagan way of worship until he had a Christian experience and wanted to convert over. In order to seal his rule over his people, he incorporated the Pagan holidays and rituals within the Catholic Church. This attracted Pagans and many converted over. When holidays and festivals were converted over, the emperor changed the names to give them more of a Christian identity.

Over the years, this continued until present day where now, you can look at Catholicism and Paganism as having the same origins (Day). Paganism and Witchcraft is merely just dressed up the Christian clothing. Christians have accepted all of the holidays and rituals that were once practiced by these religions and many today are unaware of where the real origins lie. Everything evolves eventually and we can see this throughout the history of religions. Contemporary Catholicism is different than it was about a hundred years ago just as Which is practiced in some ways differently than ancient Witchcraft.

Throughout time, “proper ways of worship are passed down by word of mouth or what’s written in a sacred text. Both of these ways can always be open to change and in some cases, completely new religions and belief systems are formed off of the ideas of another. When Catholics tired to persecute people that didn’t share the same beliefs as them, it was mostly out of fear. Their core belief system is what ran the religion and all of the other traditions and rituals were used in order to please the people that practiced them. Witchcraft and Paganism is so much older than Catholicism so of course there are going to be similarities.

Why Did so Many Europeans Collaborate with the Nazi Occupiers? Essay

Why did so many Europeans collaborate with the Nazi occupiers? As the dust settled in Europe, collaborators were hung, sent running naked down the streets or imprisoned, while the resistance set out to define post-war Europe. The illusion of a clear distinction between Hitler’s henchmen and enemies shaped the psychology, language and power structures that are still present today. Collaboration and resistance, as categories of human behaviour, gained their historical relevance from the weight they carried after the war, rather than the limited part they played in bringing the conflict to an end.

In reality, the decision to collaborate was, as choices always are, the individual’s response to his or hers perceived alternatives. It existed within every stratum, and along the entire scale of what is considered good and evil. It came in endless variations, and due to as many motivations. I will, however, argue that self-interest was the most important motivating factor. To avoid exaggerated emphasis on those in charge, I will return to the so called horizontal collaborators, who were often the first to be punished.

Not only are their stories as personal as they can get, but their motivations can, with a tiny bit of imagination, be applied to every chunk of society. Also, in order to remain focused on the driving force behind collaboration, I will base my argument on the most crucial motivating factors: self preservation; the dissatisfaction with previous institutions; the common enemy; internal conflict; ideological similarities; and self-interest. To many, collaboration was a pragmatic, albeit sometimes misinformed, strategy of self-preservation.

On a national level, the French Vichy government has often been referred to, for instance by Robert Aron, as the shield that kept France safe until De Gaulle’s sword was sharp enough to strike back. [1] This notion is ridiculous. As Julian Jackson points out, the Vichy government was based on the premise that Germany had won the war. As far as they were concerned, the Germans were in charge, and you simply had to make the best of it. It is, however, apparent that pragmatic measures were taken in an attempt to remain sovereign.

For instance, Pierre Laval gave French copper mines and gold stocks to the Germans in order for France to gain some influence in New Order Europe. This was unsuccessful, both on a national level, and for Laval personally who was sacked less than a month later. He misread Hitler’s intentions for Vichy France, as well as his position within his own party. [2] His motives were, however, what Julian Jackson refers to as “politico-administrative motives”, and this type of collaboration was only possible in countries where the Germans favoured such collaboration. 3] For the horizontal collaborators, sleeping with a German could be a strategy of survival, “because of the access to food and the protection from daily threat he could provide”. [4] The basic instinct to survive motivated a lot of Europeans to collaborate. The Nazis overthrew institutions that were unstable and lacked the support of the people, and Hitler was in no way unique in his dictatorship. The Popular Front in France had failed miserably on all accounts, and the promise of socialism had been proved a false prophecy.

Intellectuals, workers and peasants alike were alienated towards the old democratic regimes. The way in which Nazi forces so effortlessly crushed the democratic nations was for many the ultimate proof of the superiority of the authoritarian state. Few wept for democracy. [5] To many Frenchmen, Marshal Petain appeared better suited for governing than the impotent politicians of the Third Republic. The point is that when there is no clear alternative, resistance becomes difficult to motivate. Some did it in the name of nationalism.

Paradoxically, the same goes for collaboration: To some, France finally had what appeared to be a strong, patriotic leader, serving the interests of the nation and its people; the support for a charismatic leader should not be underestimated as a motivation for wider collaboration. It is clear, however, that the resentment towards the Third Republic, as well as the perceived lack of alternatives, motivated Europeans to collaborate. With the threat of the Soviet Union, many chose to collaborate with what seemed to be the lesser of two evils.

This was of course more urgent on the eastern front; after the war, anti-communism was often quoted as a key motivating factor in these countries. But even in France, anti-bolshevism enthused 10 000 ordinary Frenchmen to volunteer to fight on the eastern front. [6] Other antagonists also motivated collaboration. The Ukrainian OUN found the common desire to destroy the Polish state to be sufficient grounds for collaboration when the Nazi-Soviet pact was published. 7] In France, the resentment towards Britain, following the latter’s attack on the French navy in Mers-el-Kebir, fuelled collaboration. [8] The most striking proof of the impact of a common enemy is the behaviour of the Bulgarian government. After Stalingrad, the Bulgarian authorities became desperate to attract the favour of the western allies. They attempted to do this by radically changing their policy on the Jewish question, suddenly trying to save as many Jews as possible from deportation.

There is no doubt that the efforts of people who truly sympathised with the Jews played a big part, but it is nevertheless telling how the policy drastically changed after Hitler no longer seemed a worthy ally; it proves that the fear of the communists in many ways had motivated the collaboration. [9] Be it Poles, Russians or trigger-happy Brits – a common enemy motivated collaboration. In countries that were torn by internal conflict, the Nazis were potential allies.

For the Slovaks, freemasonry, liberalism and plutocracy was identified with Prague, and antisemitism clung to the stereotype of the Czechs as an economically and intellectually superior minority. Antisemitism was secondary, while expunging Czech influence was the real aim. The fact that this overlapped the Nazi agenda secured a strong and consistent will to collaborate. [10] Ethnic conflict also stimulated the integral nationalists of the Balkans to seek collaboration, though often without success. It was “another phase of a generation-old struggle”, and the Nazis were “unsatisfactory but indispensable allies”. 11] Internal conflict as a motivating factor becomes even more obvious in the case of the Yugoslavian resistance. Two major movements were engaged in armed resistance against the Nazi occupiers – Josip Tito’s Partisans and Colonel Mihailovic’s Chetnic resistance. When Tito’s communist movement started to gain strength, the former allies became enemies. Because of this, Mihailovic proposed a truce with the Germans in exchange for arms to be used against the Partisans. Even though the offer was ignored, it proves that internal conflict motivated an attempt to collaborate. 12] Another example can be found in The Netherlands, where The Netherland Union was formed. As Gerhard Hirschfeld points out, one of the objectives of the union was to make sure the local fascist party, the NSB, never gained power. This put the organisation in a position where they were forced to give in to Nazi pressure, and in 1941 Jews were banned from the Union. Hitler now had two major organisations desperate to receive his goodwill. [13] On a very personal level, women slept with German soldiers to “revolt against stifling bonds imposed by parents”. [14] It is also likely that some did it to annoy previous boyfriends.

However farfetched it might seem, such fraternization was motivated by domestic disagreements. When internal conflict was present, the will get the upper hand motivated collaboration. Some collaborators were motivated by ideological similarities. The collaborationists, such as Marcel Deat’s PPF and Leon Degrelle’s Rexist movement, are the most obvious cases, even though the importance of opportunism and self-interest is notable even there. In most cases, the collaborators only agreed with a fraction of National Socialism. The violent antisemitism in the East is a good example.

Not only was anti-Jewish sentiments endemic in Poland, but even the resisters collaborated with the Germans when it came to the Jewish question. The Church, which often has been praised for its partisan stance, referred to the final solution as “divine providence” in a letter to the government in exile. [15] Women were seduced by soldiers that were “handsome, well groomed, dressed in uniforms and conducted themselves as true gentlemen”. Other women put out because, simply, “it tied in with ther pro-german or Nazi-Convictions”. [16] They were not the only ones to be persuaded by what might have seemed like an attractive alternative.

John F. Sweets shows how fascism was strongly rooted in French society, and mentions the left wing leaders Deat, Georges Doriot and Gaston Bergery, who all lost faith in democracy and eventually turned to Fascism. Arhur Koestler summed up the mood already in 1945: “What an enormous longing for a new human order there was in the era between the two wars, and what a miserable failure to live up to it. “[17] Hitler’s New Order was simply a child of its time, and those sympathetic to its ideals were likely to collaborate. The most important motivation behind collaboration was self-interest.

On the Balkans, integral Nationalists sought collaboration in order to reach their definition of national glory. The Belgium Rexist movement had similar ambitions – to establish a Belgium empire with a strong position in the New Order Europe. In the French case, Julian Jackson refers to such motivations as politico-diplomatic. [18] Like nations, individuals collaborated when it served their personal interest. Polish people were germanified, so that they could enjoy the privileges offered, and over 80 000 Polish peasants volunteered for work in the Reich during February and March 1940, believing this would serve their interests. 19] Many politicians based their entire careers on collaboration. As for the horizontal collaborators, Annette Warring points out how many women slept with Germans to “gain access to inaccessible goods and amusements”. [20] Prostitutes are also a telling example. They were motivated by the same impulse as any business trying to profit off the German presence. The importance of self-interest as a motivating factor becomes even more obvious when considering the behaviour at the end of the war. In France, almost a third of the gendarmes left their posts the week following D-day.

As Tony Judt puts it, the “universally shared sentiment was one of urgency-urgency to join the winning side in 1944”. [21] Even before this, the introduction of mandatory labour had pushed a massive amount of young men into the resistance. The way in which former collaborators abandoned the Nazis – first when they proved not to be gentlemen, and later when they seemed to be losing the war – shows how personal interest was an important motivating factor behind collaboration. In conclusion, the Europeans collaborated with the Nazi occupiers due to a very long list of different motivating factors.

It was often based on the premise that Germany would win the war, and most of the time it was simply people trying to make the best out of this new situation. When interests aligned, most were happy to collaborate. Most likely, the collaborators did not realize in what way their actions would be judged; they were simply making day to day choices. Post-war Europe has distorted our view of collaboration. The myth of collaboration as an absolute evil became a canvas so black that even the darkest grey appeared to glow bright white. However, this black has faded and the white has grown dull.

In some cases, such as the polish Jew-hunts, the brutality cannot be denied. In others, the gruesome results of collaboration overshadow the motives: The man driving the trains to Auschwitz was probably only doing his job. In most cases, people were just living their lives. After all, ordinary life is usually hard enough without occupation, and we all have to pay the mortgage. Bibliography Books • Martin Conway, Collaboration in Belgium: Leon Degrelle and the Rexist movement, 1940-1944, (New Haven: Yale university Press 1993). • 0. Misha Glenny, The Balkans 1804-1999: Nationalism, War and the Great Powers, (London: Granta Publications 1999). • Julian Jackson, France: The Dark Years 1940-1944,(New York: Oxford University Press, 2001). • H. R. Kedward, Occupied France: Collaboration and Resistance 1940-1944, (Oxford:Blackwell Publishers Ltd 1985). Journals • John A. Armstrong, ‘Collaborationism in World War II: The Integral Nationalist Variant in Eastern Europe’, The Journal of Modern History, 40/3 (1968), pp. 396-410. • John Connelly, ‘Why the Poles Collaborated so Little: And Why That Is No Reason for Nationalist Hubris’, Slavic Review, 64/4 (2005), pp. 71-781. • Martin Dean, ‘Where Did All the Collaborators Go? ’, Slavic Review, 64/ 4 (2005), pp. 791-798. • Klaus-Peter Friedrich, ‘Collaboration in a “Land without a Quisling”: Patterns of Cooperation with the Nazi German Occupation Regime in Poland during World War II’, Slavic Review, 64/4 (2005), pp. 711-746. • Gerhard Hirschfeld, ‘Collaboration and Attentism in the Netherlands 1940-41’, Journal of Contemporary History, 16/ 3 (Jul. , 1981), pp. 467-486. • Tony Judt, ‘”We Have Discovered History”: Defeat, Resistance, and the Intellectuals in France’, The Journal of Modern History, 64, (1992), pp.

S147-S172. • Rene Marcq, ’Collaboration under Enemy Occupation’, Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 247 (1946), pp. 69-72. • John F. Sweets, ‘Hold That Pendulum! Redefining Fascism, Collaborationism and Resistance in France’, French Historical Studies, 15/ 4 (1988), pp. 731-758. ———————– [1] John F. Sweets, ‘Hold That Pendulum! Redefining Fascism, Collaborationism and Resistance in France’, French Historical Studies, 15/ 4 (1988), p. 745. [2] Ibid. pp. 174-175. [3] Julian Jackson, France: The Dark Years 1940-1944,(New York: Oxford University Press, 2001) p. 68. [4] Robert Gildea, Olivier Wieviorka, Anette Warring, Surviving Hitler and Mussolini: daily life in occupied Europe, (New York: Berg 2006) p. 95. [5] Tony Judt, ‘”We Have Discovered History”: Defeat, Resistance, and the Intellectuals in France’, The Journal of Modern History, 64, (1992), p. 147. [6] Julian Jackson, France: The Dark Years, p. 194. [7] John A. Armstrong, ‘Collaborationism in World War II: The Integral Nationalist Variant in Eastern Europe’, The Journal of Modern History, 40/3 (1968), p. 408. [8] H.

R. Kedward, Occupied France: Collaboration and Resistance 1940-1944, (Oxford:Blackwell Publishers Ltd 1985), p. 34. [9] Misha Glenny, The Balkans 1804-1999, pp. 506-510. [10] John A. Armstrong, ‘Collaborationism in World War II’, p. 408. [11] Ibid. p. 410. [12] Misha Glenny, The Balkans 1804-1999, pp. 490-498. [13] Gerhard Hirschfeld, ‘Collaboration and Attentism in the Netherlands 1940-41’, Journal of Contemporary History, 16/ 3 (Jul. , 1981), pp. 479-480. [14] Robert Gildea…, Surviving Hitler and Mussolini, p. 95. 15] Klaus-Peter Friedrich, ‘Collaboration in a “Land without a Quisling”: Patterns of Cooperation with the Nazi German Occupation Regime in Poland during World War II’, Slavic Review, 64/4 (2005), pp. 718-737. [16] Robert Gildea…, Surviving Hitler and Mussolini, p. 95. [17] Tony Judt, ‘”We Have Discovered History”’, p. 152. [18] Julian Jackson, France: The Dark Years, p. 168. [19] Klaus-Peter Friedrich, ‘Collaboration in a “Land without a Quisling”’, p. 740. [20] Robert Gildea…, Surviving Hitler and Mussolini, p. 95. [21] Tony Judt, ‘”We Have Discovered History”’, p. 164.

Acceleration Essay

This is the teaser to an amazing book I read “Acceleration” By: Graham Menace. Duncan the main leading character of the story discovers a journal belonging to what he thinks is a serial killer and he uses his knowledge of profiling as well as the clues from the journal to try to decipher who the serial killer is and who are his intended victims before the serial killer strikes. Duncan is a bad kid that’s been in trouble with the law who has been sent to work at the Toronto Transit Commission’s lost and found in order to complete his two-months of community service.

He and his friend Wayne ere sentenced to community service after Wayne convinced Duncan to break into a new apartment building to steal an expensive toilet that they could sell to his uncle for some quick cash. The two teens end up getting caught when the toilet falls down the stairs and alerts the cop on duty that night. At his new job, Duncan finds a journal chronicling some person’s sick experiments with mice but he doesn’t know whether he should report it since the journal has no details about who its author is.

Duncan continues reading the diary and finds out that the writer might have been responsible for a cent fire in his neighborhood. As he reads further, he notices that the person seems to be chronicling all his crimes since he was young until he’s older. Duncan finally reads that the person is tired of the “little crimes” and wants to do something big and he hints in his journal that it may involve women. The author keeps tabs on the train schedules of certain women and even gives them nicknames.

Duncan nicknames the author Roach, and decides to try to find out who he is and whether the journal is referring to real people. I thought it was interesting that Duncan came upon this interesting adventure while working at the Toronto Transit Authority’s Lost and Found. I specifically liked the idea of using the clues left behind in a nondescript journal and being able to pinpoint the different “characters” described in the journal by finding them on the subway.

Its weird to think that all of this pretty much happened by accident and that if he wouldn’t have found that book this whole story would have changed drastically. Also still wondering why the police didn’t believe him, don’t understand why the police would think that a kid would lie about a psychopath killing animals and wanting to kill people. Good characterization from Duncan to Finny, Wayne, and Dunce’s boss Jacob. Even the parents have personalities without taking up valuable story time.

Menace is able to develop these people through his scenes without annoying pauses from the story to set down details. This is why I aim going to start to read more of Grahams books because of this fact and would love to see how his style of writing varies from book to book. Also another thing I noticed about Graham is that he gets down to the point quite quick when it comes to the characters and its something most people don’t notice but it ally doesn’t take time away from the actual story. My favorite scene was when Duncan is hiding in the cell and Roach finds him.

It was a very tense and thrilling moment. Good thing Duncan had the courage to use the element of surprise to get away otherwise who knows what Roach would have done to him. I would honestly never be able to do something as crazy as that. It takes a great amount of courage to even just be in the same room with the “Bad Guy” of the story and it rarely happens in any stories. Still blows my mind that he was that brave or you could say dumb enough to charge at the door full peed even though “Roach” was on the other side. Eke that Duncan isn’t exactly the smoothest amateur detective ever portrayed in a teenage mystery novel. Instead, Duncan is a bit bumbling and careless but this makes him more relatable and makes the Story more humorous for the reader. Duncan in most ways really does resemble many teenagers of the modern day. Like said before he isn’t the smoothest person and I like that because in many other stories you have these teenagers pulling off these amazing acts of justice and it just doesn’t make sense, like its cool and all but its just to over he top.

Other then that he is very funny at times and can really be the “Funny Guy”. Duncan goes on a wild adventure and on some what of a goose chase with this so called “Roach” and drags all of his friends along with him. The author did really good on making every little moment as suspenseful as possible and mostly had me on the edge of my seat during certain scenes. If you like adventure and successfulness then highly recommend this book to you because if you do have a sweet tooth for this certain type Of style Of books then you will not regret reading this.

Discipline, valuable life lessons

Youth sports teach young athletes discipline, valuable life lessons, and how to make new friends and maintain relationships with different groups of kids. Sports teach kids discipline which will help them with many obstacles in the long run. Michael Jordan once said, “I’ve missed more than 9,000 shots in my career, lost almost 300 games, missed the game winning shot 26 times. I’ve failed over and over again in my life. That is why I succeed”(Three Life Skills). Sports teaches kids to never give up whether its in sports, school, or their social lives.

This is the type of work ethic that will propel kids into a successful and productive adult life(Three life Skills). “Another skill that sports can teach s discipline. Discipline involves an individual’s effort and willingness to put in time to the team. This vital skill involves focus and sacrifices. This skill learned in sports will help a child follow through with their commitments later in life” (Lieberman). Sports also teach you how to respect yourself and others including coaches which will translate into your adult life when you have to respect a boss or a co-worker.

Sports also help prepare kids for life and how to deal with real life situations. Sports gives kids a place to experience the thrill of setting and achieving goals, as well as how to strive for personal bests and gain confidence in themselves. This new found confidence helps them succeed in school, personal relationships, and eventually as adults in the real world. A major life lesson taught through sports is overcoming adversity which is an everyday struggle that is vital to success in the real world” (Three Life Skills). The greatest gift of sports to its participants is the opportunity to learn how to overcome adversity in a safe and controlled environment” (Three Life Skills). By teaching kids to keep their commitment to a team you are teaching ids to overcome adversity in the real world (Three Life Skills). Sports also teaches kids that practice makes you better and if you work hard you will get better and to let go of your mistakes. Every successful athlete will learn from their mistakes then move on. How to be positive whether you win or lose, and that there is always more you can learn and improve yourself.

One of the most important thing learned through sports is how to be a team player and how to be a Triple-Impact Competitor which means you make teammates better, make your yourself better, and make the game better (LISA Volleyball). Another great life lesson is to never let anyone intimidate you, how to stand up for yourself in any situation, and how to not listen to what others say to you (Farman). ” Playing basketball has taught me persistence, teamwork, and communication skills that have helped me succeed off the court” (Seize).

Former NAB player Bobbin Seize talked about how his basketball career has helped him become the successful CEO of a major company that empowers youths in Africa through sports. In addition, sports teaches kids to stay healthy and physically fit. Sports bring ids from different school, backgrounds, and communities to meet new people. “There is an overwhelming amount of scientific evidence on the positive effects of sport and physical activity as part of a healthy lifestyle”(The Health).

Studies show that kids who regularly exercise are less likely to smoke and are also less likely to develop cancer or osteoporosis (5 reasons). Furthermore, any sport in general keeps you healthy and active with less of a chance of developing serious health problems. In addition, many friendships created through sports last on and off the field (Shill).. If you’re someone that struggles with social grace, sports can help teach you about interacting with other people”(Breach).

Sports also brings out a different group of people that you might not know otherwise, but since you have something in cornrow like sports you are more likely to become friends with new people. Not only does sports teach you how to win and lose gracefully but also how to let other people stand in the spotlight (Breach). When children play on a team, it immediately instills in them the value others bring to the table and alps them constructively identify their own strengths and weaknesses(Dairy).

By playing sports kids learn that not everyone is good at everything and that some kids will be better at certain things then others. This gives kids the drive to practice the things they are not good at in order to get better. Many parents and critics argue that youth sports have become too intense and too dangerous for young kids. In 201 2, 1. 35 million children suffered from sports related injuries that were serious enough to put them in the emergency room. According to the data collected by U. S. Consumer Product

Safety Commission’s National Electronic Injury Surveillance System every 3 minutes there was a sports related concussion the equivalent to 12% of all ERE visits with almost 50% of kids with the ages in between 12 and 15. The research shows that young athletes take more time to heal than adults from a concussion which is a Traumatic Brain Injury. Although the number of injuries recorded seems high it only accounts for the people that went to the emergency room many kids go to urgent care centers or their regular doctor (Healy).

Even though these number seem incredibly high, most of them can e prevented by proper use of equipment and sufficient stretching. Studies show that if you stretch before any physical activity you chances for getting hurt are greatly decreased. Injuries can also be avoided if you wear to proper protective equipment such as helmets, mouthpieces, goggles, and most importantly, the correct footwear (How to Avoid). Another way to decrease injury is to know when to stop when you’re hurt. This is the downfall for many players because they try to play through the pain, but they only end up hurting themselves even more.

Operations Strategies Essay

In operations strategies, there are many examples of strategies an organization might choose from. In virtually every situation, operation manager and his team should discover that certain issues or strategies are more important than others. An organizational should identify its goal of operational so that they can set their strategies priorities accordingly. Generally, most important strategies in organizational is cost effective or in other words to bring down the cost of production and operation to the lowest possible.

One of the example is to reduce raw materials cost and outsource operations to third world countries that have low labor costs. One of the examples of organization that imply low cost in their operation is Southwest Airlines. Another strategy in organizational that usually considered as the second priorities is high quality performance and design or processing. In this strategy, operation team goal is to focus on achieving higher quality than competitors in any aspects of their product as possible.

Example of organizational that should use this strategy is five star restaurants or hotels. For an organizational that considers innovation as their main goal, newness should be prioritized as their main strategy. Newness is mainly focus on innovation to create new products or services. It could also be implied when improvement on existing product or service from its competitors which suit the customer needs with respect to the technologies and trend developments.

Short time or quick time response to customer needs should also be considered as priority in an organization strategy. On time delivery is usually relates with this strategy as in today world, customer needs on and in time service or product. An organization that could provide quick response also has the advantage over its slow response competitors. Example companies take this strategy as priority are Express Mail and Domino’s Pizza. In an organization, these priorities sometime changed over the years.

It strongly been influenced by the market place, trend and customers needs. Operation manager should reconsider to interchange the operation strategies priorities in line with company organizational goal. These strategies priorities mainly interchange each other but the most importantly it should minimize affect on company net profit. For example, to produce high quality product or services, the cost of production will be increased but it will compensate by the sales/revenue boost by the introduction of high quality product or services.

The comedy movie South Park

The media on television would in an attempt to provide more positive gender identities for adolescent women depict women on television in more realistic ways, should stop reinforcing negative stereotypes of women, and stop portraying women as sex objects in advertising. Television is unrepresentative of the real world. Since most major directors on television are males, they depict a world, which agrees with their concepts of society on television. Young women see women in roles on television as being submissive to men or as not as intelligent as men are.

For example, the ease of the female mayor on the comedy shows South Park. She went to Princeton, yet she makes moronic decisions for the town and flagrantly poses for photos. The media should show positive roles that young women could identify with and imitate positive behavior from strong female role models. Television besieges women with portrayals of old women fearing the youth of young women. The result of these images is that these ideas create competition among women and divides women. The media should also be aware of the images of women depicted since young women in other Mounties also see the American television.

In developing countries television ownership is rising and as much as seventy one percent of television programming is from more affluent countries Equally important would be to stop reinforcing negative stereotypes of women on television. Television still represents traditional views of society. Women are often still generally represented as inferior to men on television. Television shows have to stop representing women as being neurotic like Monica on Friends, or difficult and bossy like Amanda on Melons Place, or its like Phoebe on Friends.

Women should be represented as more than the standard stereotypical negative and simplified character viewers generally see. Television allows people to see more and choose what they want to be. Women need to be shown in occupations that are not the stereotypical, such as the occupations of nurse, maid, sales assistant, or models. Men are often shown as the breadwinners while women are shown as being emotional and domestic care givers. Television ought to demonstrate strong older women instead of feeble grandmothers baking cookies.

Teenage girls should be represented on television as being able to have serious conversations and feeling that their brains are as important as their looks. Women are often shown as only being able to get what they want by using sexuality(Roseland). Television audiences certainly must demand more from the television shows the audience watches. Additionally, advertisers see women as parts. Advertisers represent women as lips, legs, breasts, butts, and as creatures that become overly excited about soup.

For example, in the commercial for an herbal shampoo a woman is so excited by the shampoo she is moaning and groaning because of the shampoo. According to Aim Adjoin, a women’s division executive, “The media often focus on legs, breasts and mouth of a woman, so in essence women are looked at in pieces. If this happens continuously it makes it legitimate, and also acceptable, to do violent things against women “(History Net). Advertisers should produce high quality, entertaining socially conscience ad campaigns. Women are featured predominately in weight- loss advertisements.

Women on television commercials are most often portrayed as housewives (LULUS). As a result, women are shown as not being in control. Furthermore, girls in advertisements are often seen playing house while little boys are seen with trucks and action figures. Judging from these viewpoints the media has reflected negative images of women on television to the point of distorting women’s views of their own gender identity. The ramifications of the images that the media bombards young women with indicates that the television has become a source for negative understanding of gender roles among young women.

The conclusion of the above stated facts is that young women are exposed to gender stereotypes on television causing negative understanding of gender roles. As has been shown television should make an attempt to provide more positive gender identity is for young women and represent women on television in more realistic ways, should stop reinforcing negative stereotypes of women, and stop portraying women as sex objects in advertising. For all these reasons, society should have a deep concern with the gender roles that young women are learning from television.

: Ethical Issues in Healthcare Essay

Ethical Issues in Healthcare Joanne Marie Chavez University of Phoenix HCS435 Ethical Issues in Healthcare In this paper I will be discussing four ethical issues that I believe are important to healthcare in our society. These issues are in regards to care to patients with low or no heath insurance, issues pertaining to healthcare online, counseling elderly patients and cardiac retransplantation. These issues are an ongoing debate and I believe that everyone should be aware of the information that is available to each topic.

President Obama says that health care reform is a high priority. For many of us who are not following this issue is it because we do not know what health care reform is? I know that I asked a few of my co-workers and they were stumped by this question. They have heard health care reform mentioned but do not know what it actually means. Many Americans have inadequate or no health care insurance which means that they are unable to receive high-quality medical care. High cost in health care insurance is a main reason why employers do not offer their employees health insurance.

President Obama wants of create a plan where government sponsored insurance is available to anyone including those with pre-existing chronic illnesses. Republicans are opposed to this idea. They believe that not only will this health care reform cost the government more money, but if government sponsored insurance is available to everyone, most employers would opt to provide that to their employees because it would be cheaper than private insurance. Another group that opposes health care reform is the American Medical Association.

Many doctors fear that they would be reimbursed in the long term just like Medicare. However, there are other doctor groups such as The American Academy of Family Physicians and the National Physicians Alliance who are supportive to health care reform. They believe that it is the public health care would be more affordable to patients and create competition in the insurance market. (E. Cohen,2008) The last ethical issue is cardiac retransplantation. There are many ethical questions that arise from this issue. Many debates are based on the amount f donor organs and the amount of money that will be spent for a second transplantation. Cardiac retransplantation occurs when a patient heart rejects the body and develops infection. Mostly due to self care where the patient does not keep up with medical appointments and medications. Utilitarianism is one ethical theory that is used to base the decision. Using this theory as a guide the decision would go to the patient with the greatest chance of good outcomes. Basically, the donor heart would go to first time beneficiaries.

But if you use deontological theory which is the act of morally right if it initiates from good will, the retransplantation ought to take place since it’s the patients’ choice. Because there is no right answer, it would ultimately come to what is morally right between the physicians and the committees that are involved in cardiac retransplantation. I believe that if a patient who has received the surgery the first time and does not follow the medical direction of his physicians he should not be allowed the surgery the second time around.

That patient would be taking viable organs again and who knows if the patient will take care of themselves. (Houston&Lauqure, 1992) In conclusion, these ethical debates have been going on over a process of time. No matter which way we look at these dilemmas, ultimately it comes down to the person moral values and respect for the patient decision as well. The best way to come to an agreement is to have mutual understanding of all facts and opinions that are involved. References Cohen, Elizabeth. Cable News Network CNN. (2008). What you need to know about health care reform. Retrieved from http://www. nn. com/2009/HEALTH/06/18/ep. health. reform. basics/ Lauqure, R. , & Houston, S. (1992). Ethical Concerns Regarding Cardiac Retransplantation. NursingEconomic$,10(6),413-417. Retrieved from http://search. ebscohost. com/login. aspx? direct=true&db=mnh&AN=1494370&site=ehost-live Fitting, M. D. (1986). Ethical Dilemmas in Counseling Elderly Adults. Journal of Counseling andDevelopment,64(5),325. Retrieved from http://search. ebscohost. com/login. aspx? direct=true&db=a9h&AN=4963159&site=ehost-live Lott, L. (2009). First in the nation HMSA’s Online care goes live. HMSA Hawaii. Retrieved from

Equity Shares Essay

1. 2 ,4. A share or stock is also known as an equity share as well. The equity share basically represents ownership in the company. When a company needs capital or money to operate, it generates the required funds by selling ownership in the company. This means that the company issues equity shares for a price and these shares represent ownership in the company for the one who purchases the shares. These shares are an ownership in the company and give the owner the right to have a share in the profits of the firm. Equity shares are the part of share capital.

Particularly, equity shares r dose share which r traded in da stock markets. Dese shares carry voting rights. company gave u dividend as u hav invested ur money in their company. but it is not necessary that each year u ill get dividend. It only disrtibuted only wen company is in profits. these shares r fully transferable Equity Share Holders get Equity Shares of the Company while Preference Share Holders get Preference Shares. EQUITY SHARES are shares whose profit sharing depends on the PROFIT MAKING of the Company. If the company makes huge profits, there dividend sharing will be high else it will be low.

Whereas for Preference Share Holders, Dividend is a fixed income to them. They get dividend at a fixed rate, irrespective of the Profit Making of the Company. Dividends to Equity Share holders is optional and at company’s discretion. For preference share holder, it is a right to get cumulative or non cumulative dividends from the company. Equity Shareholders are called RESIDUAL OWNERS of the company. After all the obligations of the company are over, the Equity Share Holders get their share. Preference Share Holders get paid their dividends ahead of Equity Shareholders. eatures of equity shares are 1. they don’t have no preferential right in respect of payment of dividend or in the repayment of capital at the time of winding of the company. 2. equtiy shares are risk bearing shares because they are the actual owners of the company when ever company run into losses they have to bear the losses. 3. equity share holders enjoys voting right whenever there is a meeting they will enjoy their voting power, enjoys voting power in electing board of directors. 4. equity capital is the permanent capital for the company . The company need not to return capital .

Company has to repay the capital only at the time of winding up. 5. equity shares are easily transfer from one person to another at the stock exchange according to the procedure laid down in the article of association of the company. 6. company gives the bonus shares to the equity shareholders at a free cost on account of reserves . undistributed profits and accumulated profit 7. equity shareholder are give first priority when ever company want to raised fresh capital When you decide to start a small business, one of your first questions is likely to be how to raise money to finance your business operations.

No matter how you plan to obtain financing for your business, you need to spend some time developing a business plan. Only then should you go forward with financing plans for even a simple small business. Equity Financing You may have some cash you want to put into the business yourself, so that will be your initial base. Maybe you also have family or friends who are interested in your business idea and they would like to invest in your business. That may sound good on the surface to you, but even if this is the best arrangement for you, there are factors you must consider before you jump in.

If you decide to accept investments from family and friends, you will be using a form of financing called equity financing. One thing that you want to be clear about is whether your family and friends want to invest in your business or loan you some money for your business. That is a crucial distinction! If they want to invest, then they are offering you equity financing. If they want to loan you money for your business, then that is quite different and is actually considered debt financing. Advantages of Equity Financing: You can use your cash and that of your investors when you start up your business for all the start-up costs, instead of making large loan payments to banks or other organizations or individuals. You can get underway without the burden of debt on your back. • If you have prepared a prospectus for your investors and explained to them that their money is at risk in your brand new start-up business, they will understand that if your business fails, they will not get their money back. • Depending on who your investors are, they may offer valuable business assistance that you may not have.

This can be important, especially in the early days of a new firm. You may want to consider angel investors or venture capital funding. Choose your investors wisely! Disadvantages of Equity Financing: • Remember that your investors will actually own a piece of your business; how large that piece is depends on how much money they invest. You probably will not want to give up control of your business, so you have to be aware of that when you agree to take on investors. Investors do expect a share of the profits where, if you obtain debt financing, banks or individuals only expect their loans repaid.

If you do not make a profit during the first years of your business, then investors don’t expect to be paid and you don’t have the monkey on your back of paying back loans. • Since your investors own a piece of your business, you are expected to act in their best interests as well as your own, or you could open yourself up to a lawsuit. In some cases, if you make your firm’s securities available to just a few investors, you may not have to get into a lot of paperwork, but if you open yourself up to wide public trading, the paperwork may overwhelm you.

You will need to check with the Securities and Exchange Commission to see the requirements before you make decisions on how widely you want to open up your business for investment. Debt Financing If you decide that you do not want to take on investors and want total control of the business yourself, you may want to pursue debt financing in order to start up your business. You will probably try to tap your own sources of funds first by using personal loans, home equity loans, and even credit cards.

Perhaps family or friends would be willing to loan you the necessary funds at lower interest rates and better repayment terms. Applying for a business loan is another option. Advantages of Debt Financing • Debt financing allows you to have control of your own destiny regarding your business. You do not have investors or partners to answer to and you can make all the decisions. You own all the profit you make. • If you finance your business using debt, the interest you repay on your loan is tax-deductible. This means that it shields part of your business income from taxes and lowers your tax liability every year.

Your interest is usually based on the prime interest rate. • The lender(s) from whom you borrow money do not share in your profits. All you have to do is make your loan payments in a timely manner. • You can apply for a Small Business Administration loan that has more favorable terms for small businesses than traditional commercial bank loans. Disadvantages of Debt Financing • The disadvantages of borrowing money for a small business may be great. You may have large loan payments at precisely the time you need funds for start-up costs.

If you don’t make loan payments on time to credit cards or commercial banks, you can ruin your credit rating and make borrowing in the future difficult or impossible. If you don’t make your loan payments on time to family and friends, you can strain those relationships. • For a new business, commercial banks may require you to pledge your personal assets before they will give you a loan. If your business goes under, you will lose your personal assets. • Any time you use debt financing, you are running the risk of bankruptcy. The more debt financing you use, the higher the risk of bankruptcy. Some will tell you that if you incorporate your business, your personal assets are safe. Don’t be so sure of this. Even if you incorporate, most financial institutions will still require a new business to pledge business or personal assets as collateral for your business loans. You can still lose your personal assets. Which is best; debt or equity financing? It depends on the situation. Your financial capital, potential investors, credit standing, business plan, tax situation, the tax situation of your investors, and the type of business you plan to start all have an impact on that decision.

Suetonius Compare And Contrast Paper Essay

It seems that Situations gives very good treatment to those emperors that he likes and very harsh treatment to those emperors that he dislikes, which says quite a lot about his integrity as a historian. For example, as is mentioned in the introduction, he talks about Tiebreak’s bad character trait of miserliness in an absolutely negative way, even though his economy allowed him to avoid an increase in taxes. Situations also strongly criticizes Caligula, Nero, and even Passion for that.

So the point here is that Situations is not always honest when it comes to laying out and discussing the good and bad qualities of the Roman emperors. Nonetheless, The Twelve Caesar remains a uniquely valuable historical work o this day because it contains a lot of important information on topics that were ignored by other historians of the time such as public games, domestic relations of the emperors, and their private lives. There are many very good imperial lives from which one can choose to compare and contrast in The Twelve Caesar, and choose to contrast the lives of Nero and Passion.

Before diving right into it, it is important here to discuss what a good Roman emperor is, not only according to Situations, but to the Roman people at large. A good Roman emperor tries to serve a lot of people from all social classes. He takes care of people at every level of society, not just the nobility and the ruling elites. He gets along well with the Senate. He respects their opinions and considers their interests and concerns. He works with them in the governance of the empire whenever he can as opposed to ruling alone. A good Roman emperor is morally upright.

He loves his family. He treats them well. They have good relations. He does not have sexual relationships with freeborn men and he does not rape married women and he does not hurt and kill innocent people. He rule is characterized by justice. He is compassionate and forgiving. He does not hold grudge against his enemies and seek vengeance on them, but rather forgives and embraces them. A good Roman emperor is caring and giving. He cares a lot about the people and tries his best to win their love and support by making their lives better and more comfortable and more fun.

He rules for THEIR benefit. He knows well the hardship of the poor working class, so he tries to avoid increasing taxes, and does not waste taxpayer money. Now begin to contrast the lives of Nero and Passion. Nero is the epitome of a bad emperor, whereas Passion is a great example of a good emperor. It seems obvious that Situations really likes Passion and dislikes Nero. Situations probably really likes Passion and rates him highly because he is the founder of a dynasty.

Situations writes Vegetarian’s biography in a magnificent way, does not mention bad things he did or his bad qualities (except him killing that one stoic critic and his bad quality of avarice), while he writes the biography of Nero in a very negative way. What is funny, however, is that Situations, forgot to mention one significantly good thing Nero did during his reign. Situations should have mentioned the fact that Nero tried is best to put out the great fire and to save as many people as he could and discuss his relief efforts after the fire. He did not.

In the negative aspects of his reign section, he does not talk about Owner’s great persecution of Christians, which is a significantly bad aspect of his reign. He should talk about Nero crucifying and burning Christians alive at the stake in his garden. He should mention the fact that Nero ordered Christians to be thrown to dogs and lions. He should mention the fact that Nero used Christians as human torches. Why did he leave that part out? It is hard to find similarities between Nero and Passion because Nero is an evil tyrant, while Passion is a good virtuous ruler.

They are polar opposites. But, Nero was not always a bad emperor. In fact, in his early reign, Nero was a good ruler and he did many positive things. He intended to be a virtuous ruler. He never missed an opportunity of being generous or merciful or of showing what a good companion he was (Nero, 10). He lowered heavy taxes, gave 400 stresses to the people, raised the annual salaries of didst anguished, yet impoverished senators to 500,000 stresses in some cases, ND he gave free monthly issue of grain to praetorian cohorts (Nero, 10).

To gain popularity with the people, he provided them with a lot of entertainment-youth games, chariot races in the circus, stage plays (Nero, 1 1 He even frequently participated in singing and acting contests held in public theaters, which senators strongly disapproved of since singing and acting were considered to be disgraceful professions for people of low status in Roman society. It is interesting that he even staged a naval warfare on an artificial lake of sea water which had sea monsters swimming in it (Nero, 12). Also, during his reign, he suppressed a great number of public abuses through the imposition of heavy penalties (Nero, 16).

Nero did do some good things in his early reign, but he is principally known as an icon of evil tyrant who committed countless terrible, wicked acts. He raped the Vestal Virgin Rubric and forcibly turned a boy named Sprout whom he was attracted to into a girl by castration, went through a wedding ceremony with him, and treated him as his wife (Nero, 28. ) He was indeed a wasteful spender of taxpayer money. He built a house stretching from the Palatine to the Aquiline, and when it burned down, he rebuilt under the name of ‘The Golden House’ which had a huge statue of himself, 120 feet high, standing in the entrance (Nero, 31).

He once tried to retrieve this great hidden treasure in some African cave, and when became bankrupt he resorted to bribery and blackmail, which is something that a good emperor never does (Nero, 32). He tried to poison Britannica because he was jealous of his voice which was far more musical than his own (Nero, 33). He killed his mother Grapping and his aunt Domain. He even kicked to death his wife Poppa because she implanted that he came home late from chariot races. There were ;o big plots against his life. They were both discovered. He killed all the senators that were involved.

He banished from Rome all children of the condemned men. They then starved to death or were poisoned (Nero, 36). He brazenly set common folks’ property on fire and he burned down great public monuments and he even caused many people to take shelter in the tombs for six days and seven nights (Nero, 38). By contrast, Passion was a great Roman emperor. He Was a humane person who had a good share of adversity and uncertainty in his life. He was raised by his paternal grandmother Tarantula on her estate at Coos. As emperor, he often visited her place and kept it exactly as it had always been to preserve his childhood memories intact.

To honor his dear memories of her, he drank from a silver cup that belonged to her at religious festivals (Passion, 2). He behaved generously to all classes: granting subventions to senators who did not possess the property qualifications of their rank and rebuilding many cities throughout the empire that were destroyed by fire. He was the first to pay teachers of Latin and Greek rhetoric a regular annual sum f 1 00,000 stresses (Passion, 17). He was not the type of man who held grudges. He arranged a splendid match for the daughter of his former enemy Vitreous, and he even provided her dowry and trousseau (Passion, 14).

He reformed the senatorial and equestrian orders by replacing the undesirables with the most eligible Italian and provincial candidates available (Passion, 9). When Passion came into office, there was a huge pile of lawsuits on his desk. He had to deal with them quickly so he set up a board of commissioners to settle war-compensation claims and make emergency decisions, which irately reduced the number of cases and this is significant because if he had not done this, most of the litigants would have died by the time they were summoned to appear.